Bone marrow is a fatty, spongy substance found inside the bones. It also includes stem cells that produce different blood cells like platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells. These cells are essential for a bone marrow transplant. Generally, two types of bone marrow are there. One is yellow bone marrow, and another is red bone marrow. The red marrow is high in stem cells. On the other hand, it changes its color in adults and becomes yellow due to fat cell infiltration. The red marrow is in certain bones such as breast bones, shoulder blades, hip bones, skull, etc.
Moreover, the stem cells for bone marrow transplant are obtained from the patient’s own marrow (Autologous transplant). However, if a donor donates stem cells, this procedure is an Allogeneic transplant. Even in some cases, doctors preserve stem cells from cord blood after a baby’s birth or cells from a half-matched donor (Haplo-allogeneic transplant).
Best Hospitals for Bone Marrow Transplants in India
Indian hospitals have the most modern technologies and equipment for BMT. In fact, this is one of the reasons for India’s high success rate with bone marrow transplants. So, the following are the best hospitals for BMT in India
- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
- Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi
- Max Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
- Dharamshila Narayana Super Specialty Hospital
- BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
- BGS Gleneagles Hospital, Bangalore
- Wockhardt Hospital North Mumbai
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, and
- Gleneagles Global Health City
Bone Marrow Transplant Procedure in India
A bone marrow transplantation procedure consists of three major phases.
The first step is to extract bone marrow or stem cells from the patient, donor, or umbilical cord, also known as harvesting.
The conditioning treatment follows, in which the current bone marrow is destroyed using chemotherapy and ablative operations. This removes the patient’s diseased or dysfunctional bone marrow and prepares them to receive the new stem cells.
The bone marrow transplant is then performed by infusing the stem cells intravenously, similar to a blood transfusion. The new bone marrow may not show signs of growth for two to three weeks, or it may take many months before the injected bone marrow cells create enough blood cells.
Advanced Facilities used at the Best BMT Hospitals in India.
Indian hospitals are popular worldwide for their medical facilities. It contributes a lot more to the success rate of BMT in the country. The following are the facilities available in the best BMT hospital in India.
- Haploidentical BMT – This treatment lets the donor’s stem cells match partially to the patient.
- Reduced-intensity conditioning uses lower dose radiation and chemotherapy before the cell transplantation.
- Cord blood transplant- It stores and freezes umbilical cord blood that later on can be used in BMT.
- Clinical trials and extensive research work
A Bone marrow transplant cost in India
The cost of a bone marrow transplant in India ranges between USD 18000 and USD 35000. It may differ based on the type of transplant advised for therapy and several other considerations.
The following are the major elements that influence the cost of BMT in India:
The transplant type: There are three types of bone marrow transplants. Autologous transplants are less expensive than allogeneic transplants since allogeneic BMT includes the expense of donor screening, facilities, lab work, and recovery. The cost of a Haplo-Allogeneic (Haploidentical) bone marrow transplant is also greater since the operation is more sophisticated and the number of tests required increases.
Health Condition: It decides the type of transplant you need.
Age: The patient’s age influences the overall bone marrow transplant cost in India. Pediatric patients, or those under the age of 20, have higher treatment costs. This is because of longer care and length in the hospital.
Pre-transplant chemo treatments and tests: In cancer, chemotherapy cycles are a part of the conditioning regimen. This affects the entire cost of BMT treatment. Many tests and assessments are performed on both patients and donors (for allogeneic transplants), which might raise the cost.
What makes India a Desired Destination for BMT?
Many Indian hospitals are known for high-quality and affordable treatment worldwide. You can find many leading hospitals in top Indian cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, or Bangalore. The following aspects make India a good medical hub for international patients.
- Accreditation from ISQua, NABH, JCI, and others
- Well-trained and experienced doctors
- Economical packages
- World-class infrastructure
- Patient care
Find the Best Hospital and Package at Lyfboat
Are you still confused about which hospital is best for your BMT? Well, Lyfboat can help you choose the right hospital for your treatment. Whether you are looking for treatment information, a doctor’s expertise, the best hospital, or the package, Lyfboat can help! The online healthcare directory provides you with the information you want about any treatment. To read more about our health blogs, please visit our website.